Sugred 80 Tablet: Each tablet contains Gliclazide BP 80 mg.
Sugred (Gliclazide) stimulates the release of insulin from pancreatic beta-cells by facilitating Ca+2 transport across the beta-cell membranes. It lowers blood glucose by stimulating the release of insulin from the pancreas, an effect dependent upon functioning beta cells in the pancreatic islets. Extrapancreatic effects also may play a part in the mechanism of action of oral sulfonylurea hypoglycemic drugs. Two extrapancreatic effects shown to be important in the action of Gliclazide are an increase in insulin sensitivity and a decrease in hepatic glucose production. The anti-oxidant, platelet inhibiting and fibrinolytic actions of Gliclazide involve processes which have been implicated in the pathogenesis of vascular complications of type 2 diabetes.
Sugred (Gliclazide) is indicated for the treatment of type 2 diabetes in association with dietary measures when dietary measures alone are inadequate to control blood glucose.
DOSE AND ADMINISTRATION
The usual initial dose of Sugred (Gliclazide) is 40 to 80 mg daily, gradually increased, if necessary up to 320 mg daily until adequate control is achieved. A single dose should not exceed 160 mg. When higher doses are required it should be taken twice daily, following the main meals of the day. For extended release tablet the initial recommended dose is 30 mg daily, even in elderly patients (>65 years); the daily dose may vary from 30 to 120 mg (1-4 tablets) taken orally, once daily.
Elderly: Plasma clearance of Gliclazide is not altered in the elderly and steady state plasma levels are similar to those in adults under 65 years. Clinical experience in the elderly shows that it is effective and well tolerated. Children: Gliclazide as with other sulfonylureas is not indicated for the treatment of juvenile onset diabetes mellitus.
Gliclazide should not be used in juvenile onset diabetes, diabetes complicated by ketosis and acidosis, diabetes undergoing surgery, after severe trauma or during infections, patients known to have hypersensitivity to other sulfonylureas and related drugs, diabetic pre-coma & coma, severe renal or hepatic insufficiency, combination with miconazole tablets.
WARNING AND PRECAUTION
Care should be exercised with patients having hepatic and or renal impairment and a small starting dose should be used with careful patient monitoring. In long term clinical trials, patients with renal insufficiency have been treated satisfactorily using Gliclazide at reduced doses.
Hypoglycemia may occur in concurrent conditions such as hepatic & renal diseases, alcohol intoxication and adrenal and pituitary insufficiency. Mild gastro-intestinal disturbances including nausea, dyspepsia, diarrhea, and constipation have been reported but these types of adverse reactions can be avoided if Gliclazide is taken during a meal. Allergic dermatological reactions including rash, pruritus, erythema, bullous eruption have been reported during treatment with the drug but are not known to be directly attributable to it. More serious reactions like leucopenia, thrombocytopenia, agranulocytosis, pancytopenia, hemolytic anemia, cholestatic jaundice, GI hemorrhage have not been reported with Gliclazide.
USE IN PREGNANCY & LACTATION
Pregnancy: Gliclazide should not be used in pregnancy. Nursing mothers: No study has reported its presence in human breast milk. However, other sulfonylureas have been found in milk and there is no evidence to suggest that gliclazide differs from the group in this respect.
The hypoglycemic effect of Gliclazide may be potentiated by NSAID (in particular aspirin), phenylbutazone, sulfonamides, coumarin derivatives, MAOIs, beta-adrenergic blockers, tetracyclines, chloramphenicol, clofibrate, cimetidine and miconazole tablets. Ingestion of alcohol may also increase the hypoglycemic effect of Gliclazide. Some drugs may on the contrary, reduce its activity e.g. barbiturates, corticosteroides, thiazide diuretics, thyroid hormones, laxatives and oral contraceptives.
Store in a cool & dry place below 30º C. Protect from light and moisture. Keep out of reach of children.
Sugred 80 Tablet: Each box containing 10 x3’s tablets in blister pack.